A new geoarchaeological book entitled Reconstructing Archaeological Sites: Understanding the Geoarchaeological Matrix was released today by Dr. Panagiotis Karkanas and Dr. Paul Goldberg. The book explores the various aspects of archaeological site formation and depositional processes providing both a theoretical background and practical approaches to the subject.
Chapter 1 examines the principles of site formation processes presenting the type of events that can affect an archaeological site before during and after its occupation like soil formation procedures and post-depositional events. Chapter 2 studies natural sedimental processes in sites (structures, mass movements, bioturbation etc.) while Chapter 3 focuses on various types of anthropogenic sediments (burnt and organic remains, construction material etc.). Chapter 4 examines the principles and importance of site stratigraphy by analyzing and defining stratigraphic units and their context. The next two chapters are studying the different types of archaeological sites, with Chapter 5 focusing on non-architectural sites (open air vs cave sites) and Chapter 6 on architectural sites (roofed and unroofed, streets, house pits). Finally, Chapter 7 provides more practical information on field techniques like drawings, photography, sampling strategies, number and size of samples as well as micromorphological and microarchaeological sampling.
The book is addressed to both geoarchaeologists and archaeologists who want to study archaeological site stratigraphy. It provides a complete guide for understanding the geoarchaeological matrix and how deposits can be organized in time and space.